Does HPV Affect My Fertility?

Does HPV Affect My Fertility?

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of genital warts and cervical cancer. This virus spreads through skin-to-skin contact during intercourse. So sexually active people are at high risk of contracting this virus, especially for those who have performed unprotected sex. If left untreated, HPV results in complications and other health problems. Moreover, “does HPV affect my fertility?” is a commonly asked question of many people with HPV. To know the truth, it’s essential to keep reading this article.

Do I Have HPV?

Most people with HPV even don’t know they have HPV because this virus is symptomless. If your immune system is strong, it can produce antibodies to fight off HPV over time, so this virus doesn’t have a chance to show up symptoms. However, HPV can live in your body and be undetected for months or years without leading to side effects. Then, it may present symptoms when your immune system becomes weak. Even more, if HPV doesn’t go away on its own, it can cause changes to the cervical cells that present as abnormal results during a Pap smear test.

Most women only notice that they have HPV after receiving an abnormal Pap smear test. That’s why Pap smear and HPV are often done at the same time. To know whether you’ve been infected with HPV, you should ask your doctor about the testes. Consult with the doctor immediately if you experience

  • Small and skin-colored bumps in the genital
  • The bumps that close together and appear as cauliflower shape
  • Discomfort in the genitals
  • Pain during urination and intercourse
  • Bleeding with sex

Read More: Risk Factors for Genital Warts – What Should You Notice?

A Pap smear and HPV test can be used to detect HPV

A Pap smear and HPV test can be used to detect HPV

Does HPV Affect My Fertility?

Once contracted about HPV, many women worry about their fertility. But the fact is that alone HPV alone doesn’t have much impact on your fertility. Although a study found that women with HPV were less likely to get pregnant than those who had a negative test, it’s not clear why. That may be because an embryo can be harder to implanting in a woman whose immune system is unable to remove the virus. But keep in mind that many people with HPV fight against it shortly after getting it.

However, treatment for a precancerous cell can increase your risk for fertility problems. Certain treatment procedures include cryotherapy, cone biopsy, and LEEP can narrow your cervix and change the constancy of the cervical mucus. As a result, these slow sperm and make it hard to reach and fertilize your egg. But your overall risk of fertility is very low. Though there’s no clear study for this area, the treatments of HPV may impact your ability to pregnancy by less than 5 percent. So you can feel safe about the ability to fertilize when you have HPV. If you have genital warts, your doctor may examine closely to ensure a healthy pregnancy. But certain treatment for precancerous cells can increase your risk of miscarriage or preterm birth while you’re getting pregnant. Therefore, you should ask your doctor about getting pregnant if you catch HPV.

Alone HPV doesn’t have much impact on your fertility, but treatments for a precancerous cell could affect your fertility

Alone HPV doesn’t have much impact on your fertility, but treatments for a precancerous cell could affect your fertility

How to Get Pregnancy with HPV

Having HPV doesn’t necessarily affect your fertility, so you can feel safe. Here’re things may help you get a safe pregnancy with HPV.

  1. Ensure a Safe Pregnancy

It’s better to check your health before getting pregnant, this ensures whether your pregnancy is safe or not. And, don’t forget to get regular screenings for cervical cancer throughout the pregnancy to reduce complications.

  1. Treat HPV Symptoms

If you have HPV and make a decision to get pregnancy, the first thing you should do is to treat HPV. Ask your doctor about proper treatment for your HPV. When you have been infected with genital warts, treatment options can include creams, chemicals, cryotherapy, and lasers. Vidarox which has FDA-approved ingredients is one the best OTC creams for genital warts you can try.

  1. Know Your Risk of Complications

Knowing the risk of complications can help to avoid it well. HPV linked to genital warts can develop and spread out enough to block your birth canal. This will spread the virus to your baby during delivery. In these cases, your doctor will examine and choose cesarean section if necessary.

  1. Perform Protected Sex if You’re Pregnant

Unprotected sex, while you’re pregnant, can contribute your risk of getting HPV, so always remember to perform protected sex. Using a condom can help to reduce your risk of HPV and other STDs.

Related: 7 Ways to Protect Yourself From HPV and Cervical Cancer

Don't forget to perform protected sex during pregnancy

Don’t forget to perform protected sex during pregnancy

Should I Get HPV Vaccines?

It’s absolutely “should”. The HPV vaccine is the best way to prevent genital warts and cervical cancer. Although the HPV vaccine doesn’t protect against all strains of HPV, it lowers your risk of contracting four strains of HPV. In which, two cause genital warts and two result in cervical cancer. It’s always recommended to should get HPV vaccine before you’re sexually active. But it’s still okay if you get it later because you may haven’t been infected with HPV during intercourse.

Getting the HPV vaccine doesn’t completely remove your risk of cervical cancer. In fact, the vaccine only protects you from two strains which lead to 70 percent of cervical cancers. So it’s a good idea to do Pap smear test regularly even if you’re vaccinated.

HPV is a highly contagious STD that every sexually active person has an equal chance of getting it. Although HPV can result in health complication, it doesn’t affect your fertility much. However, treatments for cervical cancer caused by HPV can have a negative impact on your ability to get pregnant.



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