What Are Treatments of Cervical Cancer for Each Stage?

What Are Treatments of Cervical Cancer for Each Stage?

Cervical cancer, caused by human papillomavirus, is the second most common type of cancers, leading to death in women. It mostly occurs in women during their productive periods. But the rise of this cancer will peak between the age of 55 and 65. Though cervical cancer is treatable in the early stages, many women don’t pay more attention in the stages. As a result, cervical cancer is life-threatening. Thus,  it’s very important to know the stages of cervical cancer and what are treatments of cervical cancer for each stage.

What I Should Do if I Think I Have Cervical Cancer?

Typically, cervical cancer doesn’t cause any sign or symptom until it spreads beyond the cervix. However, there’re some abnormalities in the genitals that could signal cervical cancer, such as

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods or after intercourse
  • Vaginal bleeding even occur after menopause
  • Pain in the pelvic area
  • Smelly vaginal discharge
  • Painful sex
  • Blood stains in vaginal discharge

If you experience these symptoms, the thing you should do includes

  • Asking your doctor about your symptoms
  • Doing some tests, such as colposcopy, Pap smear test, cervical biopsy, CT scan, and chest X-rays
  • Getting more information about cervical cancer
  • Learning about the causes, risk factors, as well as treatments

However, the above symptoms aren’t necessarily associated with cervical cancer. They can be related to other STDs. But no matter what it’s linked to, you must not delay the diagnosis and start the treatment as soon as possible.

Learn More: How Is Cervical Cancer Diagnosed?

Pap smear test may help to detect cervical cancer

Pap smear test may help to detect cervical cancer

What Are Treatments of Cervical Cancer for Each Stage?

A cervical cancer diagnosis is important as it can help identify where to start the treatment. There’re four different stages of cervical cancer, so the treatment also varies. Here’re treatments of cervical cancer for each stage.

  1. Stage 1 of Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer in stage 1 only occurs within the neck of the cervix. It also hasn’t spread to close tissues or organs and includes

  • Stage 1A
  • Stage 1B

For the 1A stage, the cancer is very small that is only seen with a colposcope. For the 1B stage, the cancerous areas are larger and can be seen without a microscope. But this cancer hasn’t spread, it’s still in the tissues of the womb.

Treatment: The treatments of cervical cancer for stage 1 can include

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

In this stage, surgery is usually chosen to remove your cervix and womb. Especially, in some stage 1A cancers, it’s possible to remove all of the cancer with cone biopsy.

Learn More: 7 Ways to Protect Yourself From HPV and Cervical Cancer

Stage 1 of cervical cancer

Stage 1 of cervical cancer

  1. Stage 2 of Cervical Cancer

In stage 2 of cervical cancer, the cancerous cells begin to spread outside the cervix to the surrounding tissues. But the cancer hasn’t developed into the muscles that line the pelvis or to the lower part of the vagina. It can also have two groups:

  • Stage 2A
  • Stage 2B

In the stage 2A, cancer begins to spread down into the top of the vagina. In the stage 2B, it has spread into the tissues around the cervix.

Treatment: A combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy can be offered as treatment of cervical cancer for this stage. Surgery may help to remove cancerous tumors in stage 2A of cancer. Your doctor also cut the lymph nodes out around your cervix to reduce the spread of cancer to the nearby lymph nodes. Also, you may have chemotherapy during the course of radiotherapy treatment.

  1. Stage 3 of Cervical Cancer

Stage 3 of cervical cancer means the cancer begins spreading away from the cervix to the structures around it. It may develop into the lower part of your vagina and the muscles that line the pelvis. Or the cancer could develop to block the tubes which drain the kidneys. It’s still divided into

  • Stage 3A
  • Stage 3B

Treatment: In stage 3 of cervical cancer, surgery can’t help. Your doctor may combine radiotherapy and chemotherapy to treat. With the treatment, you receive external radiotherapy about 5 days per week within 5 weeks. Also, you have an increase in internal radiotherapy at the end of the radiotherapy course. Along with that, you may have chemotherapy treatment once a week or 2 weeks. The chemotherapy treatment will depend on the drugs you have.

Learn More: What You Should Do During Cervical Cancer Treatment

Stage 2 and 3 of cervical cancer

Stage 2 and 3 of cervical cancer

  1. Stage 4 of Cervical Cancer

In stage 4 of cervical cancer, the cancer spreads out to other parts of the body. For the cancer in the stage 4A, it spreads to nearby organs like the bladder or rectum. The cancer will spread to further organs, such as the lungs in the stage 4B.

Treatment: Surgery is done to remove cancerous parts that prevent the cancer from spreading. Moreover, chemotherapy and radio therapy are done to deal with the cancer.

During treatment stages of cervical cancer, the survival rates are different. Statistics on the outlook for certain types of cancer are given as 5-year survival rates. Here’re survival rates for cervical cancer by stages on 5-year survival rates

  • Stage 1: The 5-year survival rate is about 90% for stage 1A and 80% for stage 1B
  • Stage 2: The survival rate is about 63% for stage 2A and 58% for sage 2B
  • Stage 3: The survival rate is about 35% for stage 3A and 32% for stage 3B
  • Stage 4: The survival rate is about 16% for stage 4A and 15% for stage 4B

But these survival rates are only estimates, they will happen differently to each individual.

Cervical cancer is one of the common cancers that lead to death in women. Fortunately, it can be treated in the early stages. Thus, it’s important to know abnormalities in the body and gets tested. Depend on the stages of cancer, the treatments of cervical cancer for each stage can be different. Moreover, you should raise your awareness of this virus that spreads through skin contact during sex. Some types of human papillomavirus may cause an STD like genital warts.

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